Gopuram: Colossal Tower of Tradition and Culture

A gopuram or gopura is a massive entrance tower, usually ornate, at the entrance of a Hindu temple, mostly found in Temples in Southern states of India architecture and Sri Lanka. Or simply Gopurams are the entrance Gateway to the temple. They symbolically also represent human’s liberation from matter as they enter the presence of God. 


Comparatively small at first, the size of the Goruparams increased dramatically from the mid-12th century onwards until they became the colossal monuments we know now. Gopuram now dominates the temple enclosure. Surpassing the main temple in architectural elaboration and size. Usually, temples have more than one gopuram.


Significance of Gopuram in the temple

In temple Architecture, the Gopuram, or the gateway to the temple are regarded as the feet of the presiding deity. A devotee bows down at the feet of the God at the entrance as they step into the temple and proceed towards the sanctum, leaving behind the world of contradictions.

The Gorupam absorbs the cosmic energy from the Sun and moon which are further amplified by the Earth and spreads them throughout the temple, giving their benefits to all the devotees. The Gopurams, the main Kalasam, and the Presiding Deity are strategically erected and are aligned with Sri Yantra, Navratna, and various precious metals of Earth below the idol. This alignment helps create a connection between Geomagnetic waves originating from Earth’s core and Cosmic energy from the Sun and Moon, meeting at the level of the idol placed in the Sanctum Sanatorium. From there energy from Sky and Earth spread across the temple and devotees.

Between the 12th and 16th centuries, Hindu temples increasingly became the center of the city, becoming the Hub of Urban life. Gopurams who served as Gateways became a prominent feature of the Temple’s exterior appearance and overshadowed the inner Sanctuary, as they became obscured from view under the colossal size of the Gopuram. It also dominated the inner sanctum in the amount of ornamentation. 

As the threat of invasion increased in the mid-12th Century, protective walls were erected to safeguard the temple, palace and city. Initially, they served as a watchtower for Temple cities for Defense 


Gopuram Architecture

Generally having a stone as its base, Gopuras are constructed with brick and pilaster superstructure. The plan is to be rectangular, topped by a barrel-vault roof, with Kalasams placed on top. On the exterior of the Gopuram, the walls are covered with multiple layers of sculpture. The sculpture on the exterior of the Gopuram represents various forms of the presiding deity and their connection to the world.

Gopurams are exquisitely decorated with sculpture and carvings and painted with a variety of themes derived from the Hindu mythology, particularly those associated with the presiding deity of the temple where the gopuram is located.

Gold Plating of Gopurams

Although Gopuram by design can stand for centuries they will erode and wither with time. To prevent this various temple authorities are Gold plating the Gopurams, this brings new life and shine to the structure. Not only this, Gold is a non-corrosive metal, a hypoallergenic, highly conductive metal that massively increases the life span of the structure, prevents it from erosion and amplifies it ability to absorb, and maintain and spread electromagnetic energies.


We at Smart creation use NTGD – Nanotechnology for gold deposition to gold plate the base metal(in this case copper or brass) to evenly cover the surface with gold, imbibing the properties of gold to the base metal or structure. The same technology is used in NASA and ISRO for gold plating their devices to imbue the properties of gold to the devices and make them more durable. Smart creations have done work in over 100 temples in India, worked on over 10,000 idols and restored 100, 000 idols.